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Impacts

 GIS is used in almost every field where geographical data must be defined, like civil engineering, construction of roads and railways, rural and urban planning, environmental monitoring, land management, mining, natural resource management and sustainable agricultural development. GIS is a very important tool in decision making for sustainable development, because it can provide decision makers with useful information by means of analysis and assessment of spatial data.

Today the graduates have to possess modern knowledge with application of advanced computer technologies skills and be able to implement GIS applications.

A new GIS MSc course will address the following problems:

• In land and real property management Geoinformatics support the computer based land registration. For this reason the GIS usage can enhance the reliability and actuality of the real properties. At present, land registration in Uzbekistan is done manually without using computer-based GIS, mainly due to lack of competence in digital mapping and particularly lack of competence in GIS.

• Due to excessive pressure on its land and water resources, Uzbekistan now faces environmental problems mainly represented by land degradation and water shortage which negatively affects food supply in the country. As INSPIRE shows Geoinformatics has an inevitable role in environmental protection, it can help to map soil erosion, salinity and waterlogging progress, plan irrigation network for agriculture and water resource management.

• As a developing country Uzbekistan faces with the problem of growing population in cities and towns. Therefore, understanding of the possible scenarios and environmental impacts of urban settlements is an increasingly important focus of attention in science and policy.

• In municipality level GIS is powerful tool for decision making in national development and poverty reduction strategies; a coordinated and effective response to natural hazards, epidemic; and protect vulnerable populations.

As it can be seen from the above list Geoinfomatics has an important role in the future development of the society teaching GIS is very important, although this field in Uzbekistan is also suffers from several problems:

• The spatial data related technologies are in an ongoing development. For teaching these subject and to address the market needs highly educated teacher staff is and the most recent developed geodetic and other data acquisition equipment is vital to reach the success of the project. These equipments are very expensive, but the Uzbek partner institutions will develop a shared usage of these equipments to fully exploit their capacity.

• During Soviet period, higher education in geodesy and mapping in Uzbekistan was supervised by Russian universities. The GE-UZ project will help to develop a new MSc course in GIS because as an independent country, Uzbekistan needs its own up-to-date higher education on these topics.

• Highly educated specialists are expected to contribute to national economy using their skills and research abilities. Unfortunately very often, employers in Uzbekistan have first to retrain the newly graduated engineers before they can satisfactorily handle their jobs.

• In GIS education it is evident that teaching staff is not familiar with new methods and advanced technologies due to lack of modern geomatic equipment. Education has to be reoriented towards meeting the modern requirement of the society and ensuring competitiveness of graduates in the world market. Moreover, the educational curriculum shall be developed in line with development of global educational process based on Bologna Declaration of 1999.

• Geospatial data are poorly maintained, maps and statistics are out of date, data and information are inaccurate, there is no modern data retrieval service, and there is no data sharing between different institutions. Uzbek geomatic engineering and technology is late in turning international and it has not come to terms with internationalization yet.

The GE-UZ project is intend to answer the above mentioned problem. It will built the technical capacity with GIS labs and the good